Calcium and Vitamin D Supplementation and Abdominal Fat
In this study, 2 parallel, double-blind, placebo-controlled, 16 week trials were conducted involving 171 overweight and obese subjects (mean age: 40 years) randomly assigned to either consume 240 mL of an orange juice (regular or lite) fortified with 250 mg calcium and 100 IU vitamin D per serving, or an unfortified orange juice (regular or lite). Results found that after 16 weeks, the reduction in visceral adipose tissue (VAT) was significantly greater (-12.7 cm(2)) among subjects who received OJ fortified with calcium and vitamin D, as compared to those who received unfortified OJ (-1.3 cm(2)), and the reduction was even greater in the trial with "lite orange juice"; those who received lite OJ fortified with calcium and vitamin D has a reduction in VAT of -13.1 cm(2), as compared to -6.4 in the unfortified lite OJ group. The authors conclude, "The findings suggest that calcium and/or vitamin D supplementation contributes to a beneficial reduction of VAT.&qu ot;
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